international law definition

Private International Law or International Private Law governs the choice of law to apply when there are conflicts in the domestic law of different countries related to private transactions.
This means that there is a dispute or transaction that involves one of the following:

· what jurisdiction applies - choice of court, forum selection, renvoi (transfer of proceedings)

· choice of applicable law

· recognition or enforcement of a foreign judgment

In the United States, Canada, and Great Britain it is also known as conflict of laws.

Private International Law is also embodied in treaties and conventions, model laws, legal guides, and other instruments that regulate transactions.
Private International Law deals with a variety of topics, such as (international) contracts, torts (lex loci delicti), family matters, recognition of judgments, child adoption and abduction, real property (lex rei sitae), intellectual property.

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